It is quite normal for babies and toddlers to experience and develop skin rashes in particular nappy rashes. Whilst they aren’t normally seen on new-borns there is pretty much a 100% guarantee that all babies will get nappy rash at some stage.
Firstly, when it comes to nappy rash it is important to be able to tell the difference between what may be termed as a minor irritation and something beyond that which requires further medical attention.
That’s easy to say but, especially for new mothers with an understandably strong emotional bonding to their offspring, in reality it is not such an easy task to determine the root of your child’s discomfort.
So as a guide, and as a mother who has been through these ‘traumatic’ times, I have compiled the following article to help.
Ok, you will have to forgive me for using a little bit of science here to explain exactly what goes on around your baby’s bottom area to cause a baby nappy rash.
Wet nappies certainly don’t help the case,and can cause rashes in themselves , but it is mainly the baby’s faeces (or poo) in a dirty nappy which contain residual digestive enzymes that then start to work on the sensitive skin and irritate it.
This can be further aggravated by ammonia, which is created when bacteria from the faeces mixes with any urine also inevitably present, to further irritate the baby’s skin.
Phew – science lesson over!
So in simple terms, in the main nappy rashes are caused by prolonged contact of urine and faeces with the sensitive skin in the baby's nappy area and, obviously, more often when a baby has diarrhoea or later on as they have a change of diet and progress to eat more solid foods. It's the combination of their 'wee' and 'poo' that does it
Babies that are bottle fed are slightly more inclined to suffer from nappy rash than those that are breast fed.
Breast milk, as a totally natural product made by the mother, is much more efficient in providing your baby with exactly the right nutrients they need for growth and sustenance and therefore there is minimal waste product created.
Whereas bottle milk comes from a somewhat less natural source so, whilst the manufacturers try hard to get the balance of nutrients right, inevitably due to the mass production aspect it cannot provide each and every baby with their marginally different dietary requirements, hence more waste which in turns means more enzymes in the nappy to irritate their skin.
You won’t remember of course but you and I were, in fact everyone the world over is, susceptible to nappy rashes before being toilet-trained. They are the most common skin concern for parents with young children!
However, the good news is that over the years as a race we have learnt how to reduce the severity and frequency of nappy rash.
For instance, we now know that nappy rash can be made worse by the wearing of over-pants made out of artificial non-breathable materials (plastic) as they prevent normal air circulation in the vital area and keep the enclosed nappy area moist.
We have also learnt that some washing detergents can contain harsh chemicals or additives which, if not thoroughly rinsed from washable nappies, can also increase the occurrence of nappy rash.
In a previous blog post I related how my husband suffered painful second degree burns from exactly these detergent chemicals, so imagine what effect they would have on a toddler’s skin!
It may be stating the obvious, but in order to treat and effectively deal with nappy rash you have to be able to recognise the symptoms of it in the first place. So, aside from the prime obvious indicator - which you will clearly hear - as shown in the little mite's distressed face above, let's talk a few facts here.
Don’t forget, your baby’s skin is more delicate and prone to getting sore than yours as it is only half as thick as your skin – so, the first signs are that the skin on your child’s bottom will probably look red and sore.
Murphy’s Law dictates that at some time or other nappies will leak – so it stands to reason that anywhere the content can leak to so there a rash can occur.
In more severe cases it is possible for this rash to continue upwards from the groin and bottom area to your child’s stomach or even up towards their back. In even more severe cases of nappy rash, there might be evidence of swollen or raised areas of skin, and possibly even lesions (ulcers) - this is time for referral to your GP!
Inevitably, accompanying the visible signs, and as the rash will be causing them some discomfort and pain, your baby will be displaying other signs of irritability becoming fretful, fussy with longer periods of crying.
Again possibly stating the obvious, but if at all possible try to pre-empt matters and prevent your little one getting nappy rash in the first place – but as previously mentioned, that’s easier said than done.
The number one thing to remember is that if your baby does get a nappy rash, and rest assured as sure as night follows day they will, you can take early remedial skin care treatment yourself.
By following these hygiene tips, under normal circumstances, minor nappy rashes will usually clear up after about three days.
However, if the rash is of greater concern, by that I mean causing your baby real discomfort with possible additional symptoms such as an increased temperature, then I strongly recommend that you contact your GP in the first instance!
If no additional symptoms are detected, then perhaps contact a health visitor or pharmacist to recommend a nappy rash cream to treat it.
In many cases, but not all, there can be an increase nappy rash occurrence during teething by your baby. Various studies have been carried out and differing explanations have offered as to why this might occur.
One theory, and this sounds the most logical and feasible to me, is that during teething the excess dribbling causes face rashes and the excess saliva is swallowed causes a loosening of the bowels and then sore bottoms, another that the change of diet at this stage causes these problems.
For a fuller explanation I’ll briefly go back to the science class, as the most likely cause is due to a mild hormonal imbalance during teething.
It is understood that excess endocrine is produced and released directly into the baby’s blood and/or lymphatic systems due to stress during this period.
This leads to more peptides being released into the gastro-intestinal system, which in turn leads to a fluid imbalance, creating looser stools (diarrhoea), poor fluid absorption all resulting in a your poor baby having a sore bottom.
The short answer is that, ‘yes’ an increase in the occurrence of nappy rash is likely to occur but ‘no’ it is not anything to greatly worry about. Just follow the steps mentioned above for dealing with any outbreaks.
Virtually everyone knows that a baby’s skin is delicate and overly sensitive. That doesn’t necessarily mean that you have to cover them up in every way conceivable. It just means that their skin reacts differently to fabrics, the elements, and many other external influences.
It is recommended not to bathe a new-born all over more than once or twice a week since they don’t really get all that dirty. However, when it comes to things like nappy changes, this is where skin irritation is an inevitable necessary evil which needs to be addressed almost hourly. Treating any irritation has now become easier since The Solid Bar Company released a balm specifically catering to the new-born skin.
Everything you need to add that layer of remedial protection is contained in every use.
The Solid Bar Company deals in a selection of eco-friendly and biodegradable cosmetics, which come to form their natural lotions, balms and salves collection.
A series of organic skin care products with totally natural ingredients, perfect for vegetarian and vegan users. Like all The Solid Bar Company’s luxury personal care products, the lotions, balms and salves collection have been produced in a completely cruelty-free way.
This particular selection of sustainable personal products not only serve as among the best moisturisers for dry skin but can also be used to soothe sensitive skin like that of babies.
Insectbites, from the likes of noseeums, mosquitoes, midges and sand flies, all too common irritants particularly during the summer months, are also more than treatable with The Solid Bar Company’s fresh products.
So, what’s the secret? In truth, it all comes down to the natural and organic ingredients these lotions, balms and salves contain. All have been carefully selected for their inbuilt healing and/or protective properties, which come to create some very effective skin nourishing cosmetics.
We will get up close and personal with a few of them to show you what makes these products totally unmissable and irresistible.
Calendula Essential Oil
Calendula essential oil is one of the key ingredients in The Solid Bar Company’s baby–oriented product. Hence its name – the Calendula Nappy Change Balm.
By taking full advantage of its anti-inflammatory and antiviral qualities, calendula oil can protect and prevent any baby or young child against common rashes and itchiness they may experience following the regular change.
Since babies’ and children’s skin is sensitive, acquiring bruises and scrapes will be far easier. Calendula oil in a balm or lotion works just as well to alleviate any pain, again thanks to the anti-inflammatory properties.
Now, don’t look at this section and start to think “Is water bad for my skin! I’ve been bathing in it all my life!”. Of course water is not bad for your skin at all; in fact, keeping your skin hydrated is of great importance.
However, when it comes to skin care products like lotions, balms and salves, having water among the ingredients often defeats the object. That is, most of it will actually evaporate from the skin surface before it gets absorbed. In the evaporation process, some of the natural oils on the skin are taken with it, ultimately making the skin drier than it was to begin with!
Also, in many personal care products - hair care products in particular - water is used as a bulking-out agent to both make the product easier to handle, pack and pour and also to make it cheaper to make and increase the profit margin by stealth.
The Solid Bar Company have taken note of this issue. As such, their lotions, balms and salves collection is entirely water free.
Of all their products, The Solid Bar Company aims to be totally eco-friendly and biodegradable. That also means totally avoiding the use of preservatives like parabens for their natural cosmetic products.
Parabens are a type of chemical compounds that are often found in pharmaceuticals and cosmetic products. However, their notoriety these days is not due to their effectiveness at their job, but for the potential risks, they pose to their users.
Reports and studies have recorded the possibilities that certain parabens can imitate oestrogenand other hormones, plus cause certain more serious conditions such as breast and testicular cancer.
The Solid Bar Company’s products are created fully cruelty-free - this means for their customers after purchase as well as for any testing of products or ingredients prior to and during manufacture. As such, they will never have anything to do with parabens for any of their products.
Best wishes to you and your new baby from,
all of us at The Solid Bar Company Team.
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